POLS625

Assignment 17

Measures of Association

Use SPSS and complete the following:

I. First, analyze the relationship between s*upport for
sexual equality* and *education level*. Second, add the gender variable
as a control variable and find out if the original relationship remains the
same. Make sure to include the output tables, but do not include any unnecessary or wrong output.

(Make sure to include the directional hypothesis and null hypothesis. Highligt the numbers that show significance, strength, and direction. Add one or two words next to the numbers to indicate what the numbers mean. Add a sentense or two for substantive interpretation.)

*Visit the course web page online and find an example of SPSS output:

Remember that you have to choose the correct measure. See the Summary table.

ID |
Support for Sexual Equality |
Education Level |
Gender |

1 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
2.00 |

2 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
2.00 |

3 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
1.00 |

4 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
2.00 |

5 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
1.00 |

6 |
1.00 |
2.00 |
1.00 |

7 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
1.00 |

8 |
1.00 |
2.00 |
1.00 |

9 |
1.00 |
1.00 |
2.00 |

10 |
2.00 |
2.00 |
2.00 |

11 |
2.00 |
2.00 |
2.00 |

12 |
2.00 |
2.00 |
2.00 |

13 |
2.00 |
1.00 |
1.00 |

14 |
2.00 |
2.00 |
1.00 |

15 |
2.00 |
1.00 |
1.00 |

16 |
2.00 |
2.00 |
1.00 |

Sexual Equality: 1. H 2. L

Education: 1. H 2. L

Gender: 1. Male 2. Female

II. First, use the GSS93 dataset and analyze the relationship between POLITICS (Political Outlook) and REGION4 (region). Second, add a control variable, DEGREE2 (College degree), to your analysis and find out if the original association remains the same. Do not include any unnecessary or wrong output.

*Hint: When X or Y is nominal, use either Cramer's V or Lambda, even when the control variable is ordinal. If Lambda underestimates the relationship and produces the value zero, use Cramer's V.

(Make sure to include the directional hypothesis and null hypothesis. Highligt the numbers that show significance, strength, and direction. Add one or two words next to the numbers to indicate what the numbers mean. Add a sentense or two for substantive interpretation.)